Hume’s Hawk Owl Ninox scutulata obscura
- Ninox : Derived from genus Greek king Nisus was turned into a Sparrowhawk after his daughter Scylla cut off his purple hair locks to present them to her lover Minos who was also Nisu’sSworn enemy.
- Scutulata : Latin word for Diamond shape
- Obscura : Latin word for Dark
Distribution in India: Resident of Andaman Island in India.
Description: Size of 26–30 cm. It is a medium-sized boo book. It is dark chocolate-brown on most of plumage, with a slightly paler, rufous-brown belly, prominent white bands on vent, whitish spot between the eyes and thin white tip on rectrices. The irides and feet are bright yellow; cere is dull greenish.
Habitat: It is found in lowland forest, forest edge, borders of rubber plantations and areas near human settlements, often near water
Food habits: It eats insects such as beetles, grasshoppers, and prey on Glossy Swiftlets and Edible-nest Swiftlets in the Swiftlets’ nesting caves. It is crepuscular and nocturnal
Breeding habits: They breed in Mar–Jun or Jul in India. They nest in tree hollow above ground. They lay a clutch of 2 eggs. The incubation period is 25 days. The nestling period is 24–28 days.