Painted Spurfowl Galloperdix lunulata
- Galloperdix : Latin word gallus- farmyard cock; perdix-partridge
- Lunulata : Latin word for crescent-shaped derived from luna –moon
Vernacular name : Gond: Hutkah, Ori: Askal, Kainjer, Ta: Kalkodi, Te: Jitta kodi, Mal: Pulli mullan kozhi, Hindi: Askal Murg, Mar: Rangit Chakotri
Distribution in India: Widespread across Central and Peninsular India
Description: Size of 27–34 cm; wt. of male 255–285 g, wt. of female 226–255 g. The male is unmistakable with densely white-spotted plumage, greenish-black head, breast, scapulars, wings and tail, and chestnut patches on mantle, wing-coverts, rump and rear flanks. The female has rufous or chestnut face, yellowish-buff throat and ochraceous-brown breast. The iris is brown, bill is brown and legs are brownish grey to dark grey. The juvenile male is duller than adult female with black-barred upperparts, blackish-spotted breast and is more buff-freckled over rest of underparts.
Habitat: It is found in thorn scrub and bamboo jungle in dry areas. It is found below 1000 m.
Food Habits: It eats seeds, tubers, drupes and berries , small land molluscs and insects, and termites. It is usually observed in pairs.
Breeding Habits: They breed in Jan–Aug. The nest is a scrape, lined with leaves and grass, under a rock or a root, or on dry bamboo leaves within a clump. They lay a clutch of 3–4 eggs. The incubation is done by female alone, but both parents tend the young.